A few trainees go straight into TV on an in-house journalist trainee scheme, but these are hugely over-subscribed and extremely competitive. More manage to win a traineeship in local radio, but most journalists who work in TV and radio started on newspapers and moved media once they had mastered basic reporting skills.
Most people find employment in the industry after completing training courses either following A-levels or undergraduate degrees. You can study broadcast journalism and videojournalism on many NCTJ-accredited courses. These cover writing for broadcast; broadcast interviews; broadcast newsgathering and digital media; broadcast production techniques; and broadcast regulation. Many broadcast journalists originally start in print or online and all NCTJ-accredited courses provide the essential skills required for all areas.
NCTJ-accredited courses are held at colleges, universities and independent course providers. Some of these courses are for graduates only; others require five GCSEs including English and two A-levels.
As well as broadcast skills, NCTJ-accredited courses also cover the essential media law, public affairs and reporting skills necessary to work as a reporter as well as shorthand, which should be achieved to 100wpm.